04 Oktober 2013

Sepuluh Penemu Inggris Terbaik

Orang-orang Inggris disebut sebagai penemu jalur kereta, jembatan-jembatan, telepon, dan bahkan kunci Inggris. Berikut 10 orang Inggris yang dianggap sebagai penemu terbaik.

10. Richard Trevithick, 1771 - 1833, was a Cornish mining engineer who built the world's first high-pressure steam engine and the first full-scale working railway steam locomotive.

9. Sir Henry Royce, 1863 - 1933, was a car designer and engineer who co-founded the Rolls Royce company.

8. Alan Turing, 1912 - 1954, was an English mathematician and code-breaker. He helped develop the Colossus, an electronic computer built in Bletchley Park during World War Two which was instrumental in breaking German code. Pictured is the machine, being inspected by the Duke of Kent.

7. James Dyson, 1947 - present, pictured with his revolutionary design of the cyclonic bagless vacuum cleaner in 2000.

6. Sir Frank Whittle, 1907 - 1996, was a British Royal Air Force engineer officer, who single-handedly invented the turbo jet engine. Here he is pictured with actress Janette Scott at London Airport.

5. Michael Faraday, 1791-1867, was an English chemist and physicist who contributed to the study of electromagnetism and electrochemistry. In this engraving he holds up a piece of glass of the type he used in 1845 to show that magnetism can affect light - the magneto-optical effect or Faraday Effect.

4. John Logie Baird, 1988 - 1946, was a pioneer in the development of television. The Scot invented the world's first television and the first purely electronic colour television picture tube.

3. Isambard Kingdom Brunel, 1806 - 1859, designed Bristol's Clifton Suspension Bridge, pictured here in 1900. He also built the Great Western Railway and the Thames Tunnel.

2. George Stephenson, 1781-1848, was known as the 'Father of Railways'. He invented the world's first inter-city railway line in the world to use steam locomotives and the 'Rocket' an early railway locomotive.

1. Alexander Graham Bell (1847 - 1922) invented the telephone in 1876. The Scottish-born inventor is pictured here making the first telephone call from New York to Chicago in 1892.

2 komentar:

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